Victor Hugo Bibliography

1815. Begins writing “Cahiers de vers français” (Book of French verses).

1816. “La France en deuil” (France in mourning), “Le Déluge” (The Flood), “Irtamène” (tragedy in 5 acts) published.

1817. Poem “Du bonheur que procure l’étude dans toutes les situations de la vie” (Happiness brought about by the study of all of life’s situations); play “Athélie”, and vaudeville drama “À quelque chose hasard est bon” (Luck is good for anything).

1818. 1st draft of novel “Bug-Jargal”.

1819. Awarded Lys d’or, highest accolade from Académie des jeux floraux of Toulouse for “Le rétablissement de la statue de Henry IV” (The Re-establishment of the Statue of Henry IV); Newspaper “Le conservateur littéraire” founded and later closed down in 1821.

1820. Two odes published: “La mort du duc de Berry” (The death of the Duke of Berry) earns recognition by the king, “La naissance du duc de Bordeaux” (The birth of the Duke of Bordeaux).

1821. Begins writing novel “Han d’Islande” (Han of Iceland).

1822. “Odes et poésies diverses” (Odes and Poems) published, earning the author a royal pension; play “Inés de Castro” censored.

1823. Magazine La Muse française published; ceases to exist in 1824.

1824. “Nouvelles Odes” (New Odes).

1825. Ode “Le sacre de Charles X” (The coronation of Charles X) published.

1826. New version of novel “Bug-Jargal” published.

1827. Ode “À la colonne de la place Vendôme” (Ode to the Column In the Place Vendome) published; “Cromwell” published. + Info

1828. Stage play “Amy Robsart” performed (failure at the Odeón theatre in París).

1829. “Les Orientales” published. “Le Dernier jour d’un condamné” (A Condemned Prisoner’s Last Day) novel published. Hugo's play "Marion de Lorme" is banned by censors. + Info

1830. “Hernani” + Info

1831. “Notre Dame de Paris” (The Hunchback of Notre Dame). The play "Marion de Lorme" and volume of poetry "Les Feuilles d'automne" (Autumn Leaves) are published the same year. + Info

1832. “Le Roi s’amuse” (The King Enjoys Himself) published. The play is banned from the stage but not from publication. Serves as inspiration for Verdi’s “Rigoletto”.

1833. Plays “Lucrèce Borgia” and “Marie Tudor” published.

1834. Essays “Étude sur Mirabeau” (Study of Mirabeau) and “Littérature et philosophie mêlées” (Literature and Philosophy Together), and novel on social injustice “Claude Gueux” published.

1835. The Play “Angelo, Tyran de Padoue” (Angelo, tyrant of Padua), and “Les Chants du Crépuscule” (Songs of Twilight). + Info

1836. Libretto for the opera “La Esmeralda” published

1837. Collection of poems “Les voix intérieures” (Inner Voices). + Info

1838. “Ruy Blas” published. Major success.

1839. Begins writing “Jumeaux” (Twins), but his work is interrupted.

1840. Collection of poems “Les Rayons et les Ombres” (Beams and shadows) published. Collection of poems "Le retour de l'empereur" (The Emperor's Return) published. + Info

1841. Named member of the French Academy. Acceptance speech is political.

1842. Travel journal “Le Rhin” (The Rhine) published.

1843. Play “Les Burgraves” (The Burgraves) published, and is a disastrous failure. Hugo begins writing another travel journal, “Les Pyrénées”, after traveling to the Pyrenees. The strongest points are his unexpected stay in the Guipuzcoan town of Pasaia, and when he reads in the newspaper on September 9th of the death of his daughter Léopoldine while on her honeymoon. The book is published posthumously in 1890.

1845. Named member of the French Chamber of Peers. Begins writing “Les misères” (subsequent to Les Miserables)

1846. First speech at the Chamber of Peers on the consolidation and defence of the coast. Speech on the ownership of works of art.

1847. Chamber of Peers: Notes on the speech about the regulation of child labour. Speech leaning toward authorising the readmittance of the Bonaparte family.

1848. Elected deputy for Paris in the Legislative Assembly.onstitutional Assembly: delivers speech on national artist workshops. Congress names Hugo commissioner to establish order among the insurgents.
National Assembly: Hugo delivers a speech in favour of abolishing the death penalty.
Constitutional Assembly: Hugo delivers a speech in favour of freedom of press and against censorship in the theatre. + Info

1849. Elected deputy for Paris delivers speech on social misery in the Legislative Assembly. Presides over International Peace Congress. Speech in the Legislative Assembly on the expedition to Rome.

1850. Legislative Assembly: delivers speech on free education. Hugo is against the clergy’s virtually exclusive control over education; speech against the law of deportation; speech in favour of universal suffrage; speech in favour of freedom of press.

1852. Political pamphlets “Napoléon le petit” (Napoleon the Little) published in Brussels. Leaves for Jersey (Marine-Terrace).

1853. “Les Châtiments” (Chastisements) published. Collection of poems against Napoleon III.

1854. Letter to Lord Palmerston in protest against the death penalty. Begins writing a series of verses entitled “La fin de Satan” (Satan’s end), later published in 1886.

1855. Writes poem “Dieu” (God), later published in 1891.

1856. Volume of poetry “Les Contemplations” (Contemplations) published. + Info

1857. Begins volume of poetry under the title “Petites Epopées” (Little epics), later “La légende des siècles” (The Legend of the Ages).

1858. Writes “La Pitié Suprême” (The Supreme Compassion) and “L’Âne” (The Donkey), published in 1879 and 1880.

1859. “La légende des siècles” (The Legend of the Ages) published. Declaration in response to the decree for amnesty: “Quand la liberté rentrera, je rentrerai” (I shall return when freedom returns).

1860. Recommences work on his novel “Les Miserables” after a 12 year lapse.

1861. Completes “Les Miserables”.

1862. “Les Miserables” published. + Info

1863. “Victor Hugo raconté par un témoin de sa vie” (Victor Hugo told by a witness to his life) published. Written by Hugo’s wife.

1864. The play “William Shakespeare” published.

1865. Volume of poetry “Les Chansons des rues et des bois” (Songs of Street and Woods) published.

1866. “Les travailleurs de la mer” (The Toilers of the Sea) published. Writes "Mille Francs de récompense" (One thousand franc reward). + Info

1867. Writes “Mangeront-ils?” (Will they eat?), drama; Introduction to Paris-Guide (Paris guidebook). “Hernani” triumphs at Théâtre Français in Paris. “La voix de Guernesey” (Voice from Guernsey) published.

1869. Novel “L’homme qui rit” (The laughing man) published. Writes the play "Torquemada". + Info

1870. 1st French edition of “Les Châtiments” (Chastisements), collection of poems.

1872. “Ruy Blas” performed at the Odeon Theatre in Paris. Essay “L’année terrible” (The Terrible Year) published. Leaves for Guernsey, where he stays one year.

1874. Novel “Quatre-vingt treize” (Ninety-Three) published. Poems "Mes fils" (My Children) published. + Info

1875. Essays “Actes et paroles I et II” (Acts and Words I and II: Before exile and After exile) published. Considered Hugo’s literary testament.

1876. Essays “Actes et Paroles III” (Acts and Words III: since exile) published. First address to the Senate in favour of amnesty.

1877. Second series of poems “La Légende des Siècles” (The Legend of the Ages), and collection of poems “L’art d’être grand père” (The art to being a Grandfather) published. First part of the essay “L’histoire d’un crime” (History of a Crime) published.

1878. Second part of essay “L’histoire d’un crime” (History of a Crime) published. The poem “Le Pape” (The Pope) published.

1879. Poem in 15 parts “La pitié Suprême” (The Supreme Compassion) published. Speech before the Senate on amnesty for the “Communards” (members of the Paris Commune, rural and working-class insurgents opposed to the new Republic).

1880. Book of poems “Religions et Religion” (Religions and Religion) published. Volume of poetry “L’Âne” (The Donkey) published. Hugo’s third address before the Senate in favour of amnesty. Address in favour of compulsory education.

1881. Will. Book of poems “Les Quatre vents de l’esprit” (The Four Winds of the Mind) published. + Info

1882. “Torquemada”, last play published.

1883. Third series of “La Légende des Siècles” (The Legend of the Ages) published. “L’archipel de la Manche” (The Channel Islands) published.

Published Posthumously

1886. “La Fin de Satan” (The Satan’s end). Verse. “Théâtre en liberté” (Theatre in Freedom)

1887. “Choses Vues” (Things Seen), verse. (1887-1900)

1888. “Toute la Lyre” (All the Lyre), verse. (1888-1893)

1889. “Amy Robsart”, drama.

1890. “Alpes et Pyrénées” (Alps and Pyrenees), travel journal.

1891. “Dieu” (God), poems.

1892. “France et Belgique” (France and Belgium), travel journal.

1896. “Correspondance 1815-1835”, prose, correspondence.

1898. “Les Années Funestes” (The Fateful Years), poetry.

1898. “Correspondance 1835-1882, prose, correspondence.

1900. “Choses Vues (Things Seen). New series.

1901. “Post-Scriptum de ma Vie” (A postscript to my life).

1901. “Lettres à la Fiancée” (Letters to my fiancee), prose, correspondence.

1902. “Dernière Gerbe, poetry.

1934. “Mille Francs de Récompense” (A Thousand Francs Reward), drama.

1942. “Océan, Tas de Pierres” (Ocean, a pile of stones).

1951. “Pierre” (Stone).

1952. “Strophes Interdites” (Forbidden verses).

1955. “Choses de La Bible” (Things from the Bible).

1965. “Boîtes aux Lettres” (Post boxes).

1966. “Epîtres” (Epistles).

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